Pretoria Portland Cement Co. Ltd (PPC.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Building & Associated sector has released it’s 2014 presentation For more information about Pretoria Portland Cement Co. Ltd (PPC.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Pretoria Portland Cement Co. Ltd (PPC.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Pretoria Portland Cement Co. Ltd (PPC.zw) 2014 presentation Company ProfilePortland Holdings Limited, trading as PPC Zimbabwe, manufactures and markets quality cement and cement by-products for the construction industry in Zimbabwe, producing up to 1.8 million tons of cement per annum. Established in 1913, PPC Zimbabwe supplies customers in Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The company has three manufacturing plants that are regarded as the most modern operations in southern Africa; located in Colleen Bawn, Bulawayo and Harare. The company has interests in limestone mining, and manufacturing and distributing metallurgical-grade limestone, burnt lime and burnt dolomite; as well as the supply of ready-mix concrete, dry mortars and fly ash. Well-known PPC products available in Zimbabwe include SureBuild, Sureroad, Unicem and PMC. PPC Zimbabwe is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
Have £5k to spend in an ISA? 2 FTSE 100 dividend stocks I’d buy to get rich and retire early I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. See all posts by Royston Wild Royston Wild has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Royston Wild | Sunday, 31st May, 2020 | More on: BA POLY Markets around the world are reeling from the coronavirus pandemic…And with so many great companies trading at what look to be ‘discount-bin’ prices, now could be the time for savvy investors to snap up some potential bargains.But whether you’re a newbie investor or a seasoned pro, deciding which stocks to add to your shopping list can be daunting prospect during such unprecedented times.Fortunately, The Motley Fool is here to help: our UK Chief Investment Officer and his analyst team have short-listed five companies that they believe STILL boast significant long-term growth prospects despite the global lock-down…You see, here at The Motley Fool we don’t believe “over-trading” is the right path to financial freedom in retirement; instead, we advocate buying and holding (for AT LEAST three to five years) 15 or more quality companies, with shareholder-focused management teams at the helm.That’s why we’re sharing the names of all five of these companies in a special investing report that you can download today for FREE. If you’re 50 or over, we believe these stocks could be a great fit for any well-diversified portfolio, and that you can consider building a position in all five right away. Enter Your Email Address Image source: Getty Images. Click here to claim your free copy of this special investing report now! Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. 5 Stocks For Trying To Build Wealth After 50 Market volatility continues to reign, but I believe buying FTSE 100 stocks is a good plan following some recent price falls.I reckon buying into gold-exposed stocks is a particularly great idea too. Sure, buying into mining companies instead of the metal itself, or a financial instrument backed by gold, incurs extra risk. Pulling natural resources out of the ground is fraught with problems. But on the flip side, investors can enjoy the bonus of dividend payments.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…And boy, Polymetal International (LSE: POLY) offers big rewards in this area. Its dividend yields sit north of 5% for both 2020 and 2021. In fact, the gold digger offers brilliant value all round, the Footsie firm sporting a forward P/E multiple of just 11 times too.Why do I think Polymetal could make you rich? Well, the coronavirus outbreak adds to the severe macroeconomic and geopolitical turbulence that was already shaking investor confidence. You can expect flight-to-safety buying of precious metals to remain quite robust.Investment demand for gold should also remain strong thanks to its role as a traditional currency. There are no signs that central banks will be turning off their money printers any time soon. Investors will keep switching into the hard currency as the value of paper currencies comes under increased scrutiny.No wonder many market experts are expecting bullion prices to surge to fresh record highs before too long. Some are even expecting the price to barge through the $3,000 per ounce marker before long. This is why City analysts expect Polymetal’s earnings to rise 41% this year and 6% in 2021.Another FTSE 100 heroI’d also happily spend money on BAE Systems (LSE: BA) with a view to making big returns. Global defence spending has spiked in recent times as that geopolitical stress I mention above has intensified. And this growth trend is one that isn’t tipped to end just yet.Research just released by ResearchAndMarkets.com illustrates my point. This suggests that a predicted global defence budget of $1.8trn in 2020 will expand at a compound annual growth rate of 2.7% for most of the decade. Thus total expenditure worldwide is tipped at $2.3trn for 2028.Unsurprisingly North America is expected to maintain the world’s largest arms budget by the end of the period. And this bodes well for mega defence supplier BAE Systems, a major supplier of hardware and software to the US Department of Defence and one with a strong presence on the continent.City brokers thus don’t anticipate the Footsie-quoted company will endure any long-term trading troubles following the coronavirus outbreak. They expect BAE Systems to bounce from an anticipated 3% drop in annual profits in 2020 with a 13% rise next year. Happily for value hunters these are projections that result in another rock-bottom forward P/E ratio of 11 times too.This robust earnings outlook leads the number crunchers to tip more rises in the yearly dividend as well. And this means that the FTSE 100 firm boasts chubby yields of 4.6% for this year and 5% for 2021. Like Polymetal, I’d buy this share and hold it for the rest of the decade.
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Web site to develop partnership working between the voluntary and public sectors AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Stuart Etherington, Chief Executive of NCVO said: “This project will make a significant contribution to ensuring that partnerships between the voluntary and public sectors are equal and fair and based upon the principles of the Compact.”NCVO’s partners in this project are the Cabinet Office, the Central Government National Training Organisation, the Home Office Active Community Unit, the Improvement and Development Agency (IdeA), the Treasury’s Office of Government Commerce (OGC) and Public Service Productivity Panel, the Open College Network and the Voluntary Sector National Training Organisation. Howard Lake | 16 June 2002 | News 10 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. OurPartnership.org.uk project launches today at the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO).£350,000 allocated in the fourth round of the Government’s Invest to Save Budget is to be used to develop Web-based services to support and develop partnership working between the voluntary and public sectors. The project will support the emergence of an identifiable cross sector partnership community, committed to sharing knowledge and exchanging information. The Web site at OurPartnership.org.uk is aimed at people working in government, or in the community and social enterprise sector. Advertisement
RSF joins Middle East and North Africa coalition to combat digital surveillance United Arab EmiratesMiddle East – North Africa Condemning abusesOnline freedoms ImprisonedInternetCitizen-journalistsFreedom of expression Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is dismayed by the decision of the authorities in the United Arab Emirates to confirm blogger and human rights activist Ahmed Mansoor’s disproportionate ten-year jail sentence and fine of 270,000 dollars. RSF_en NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say RSF condemns this ten-year jail term in the strongest possible terms and calls for Mansoor’s immediate and unconditional release. Mansoor received this extremely harsh sentence on 30 Mayon a charge of “sullying the status and prestige of the UAE and its symbols” and posting false information on social networks. June 8, 2021 Find out more December 23, 2020 Find out more RSF joins other NGOs in amicus brief in WhatsApp suit against NSO Group United Arab EmiratesMiddle East – North Africa Condemning abusesOnline freedoms ImprisonedInternetCitizen-journalistsFreedom of expression One professional journalist and two citizen-journalists are currently detained in the UAE, which is ranked 128th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index. In 2011, he was sentenced to three years in prisonfor “insulting the UAE’s leaders online” but was pardoned three months later after international pressure. Organisation Help by sharing this information News Follow the news on United Arab Emirates January 2, 2019 United Arab Emirates : Emirati blogger’s ten-year jail sentence upheld News to go further April 28, 2021 Find out more News Receive email alerts News
Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Community News Teens at Hillsides traveled to the Kids In The Spotlight film festival in limos before walking the red carpet and watching their movies on a big screen. Here, the teens line up to enter the limo before the big event.Teens living at Hillsides teen satellite homes won two awards during the fifth annual â€œMovies By Kids, For Kidsâ€ Film Festival held in November at the Writerâ€™s Guild Theater in Beverly Hills. One resident won the award for the best supporting actress in a short film entitled â€œThe Reckless Phase.â€ Another group of Hillsides actors won the best ensemble award for the film â€œThe Bully.â€Winning the awards was the icing on the cake of an exciting months-long project during which 10 Hillsides teens wrote, casted, and acted in three short films courtesy of a non-profit organization, Kids In The Spotlight, Inc (KITS). KITS trains youth in foster care programs to express themselves through filmmaking and encourages an interest in careers in the movie industry. The filmmaking experience culminates with a yearly film festival.â€œThe Reckless Phaseâ€ told the story of how a girlâ€™s dream of graduating from high school turned into her worst nightmare. â€œThe Bullyâ€ dealt with the theme: â€œEven bullies have a heart. Or do they?â€ The third Hillsides film was â€œThe Beauty Project,â€ in which a girl comes to accept her inner worth.The Hillsides teens began working on their scripts last spring. KITS provided them with a five-week screenwriting workshop taught by industry professionals followed by a five-week casting/acting workshop. Next, professional directors and camera crews spent a day on Hillsides Pasadena campus filming.In the days leading up to the film festival, the teens were fitted with donated gowns and suits. The day of the big event, they had their hair and make-up professionally done and rode in style to Beverly Hills in a limo before walking the red carpet and watching their films in front of a packed audience. Hosting the event was Ty Burrell, who plays the father Phil Dunphy on the hit comedy show Modern Family.â€œI was so impressed by the collaborative work of the children during the entire process,â€ said Ramona McGee, Hillsides director of group homes, who oversaw the project with the help of other staff members. â€œThey were very supportive of each other, boosting each other up when needed it.â€The experience also had a profound effect on the youth that will last long after the applause has ended. The subject material for their films was based on personal experiences, such as being bullied or the death of a sibling. These films touched on their trauma, said McGee. â€œThis is empowering for them, and gives them a sense of control instead of feeling so out of control.â€The teens living in Hillsides satellite homes either cannot live at home, have suffered trauma, or face emotional or behavioral challenges. The satellite homes provide them with a safe and stable environment where they can thrive.Hillsides was one of two local agencies that participated in the KITS Film Festival. The other was Maryvale, located in Rosemead, CA, which provides residential treatment for girls in the foster care system.Hillsides, headquartered in Pasadena, is a premier provider dedicated to improving the overall well-being and functioning of vulnerable children, youth, and their families in Los Angeles County. To learn more about Hillsides, please visit www.hillsides.org. HerbeautyZac Efron Is Dating A New Hottie?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyA 74 Year Old Fitness Enthusiast Defies All Concept Of AgeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyCostume That Makes Actresses Beneath Practically UnrecognizableHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIt Works Great If Weight Loss Is What You’re Looking For!HerbeautyHerbeauty Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. More Cool Stuff Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Donald CommunityPCC- COMMUNITYVirtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News Hillsides Residents Win Acting Awards at Childrenâ€™s Film Festival From STAFF REPORTS Published on Wednesday, December 10, 2014 | 11:00 am Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Top of the News 21 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Subscribe Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Community News First Heatwave Expected Next Week Business News Make a comment Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Business News Photo courtesy Pasadena Showcase House for the ArtsMark Everyone’s Calendars!Tickets for the 2015 Pasadena Showcase House of Design go on sale this Wednesday, February 4th. Tickets cost between $35-$45 and can be ordered by mail, online at PasadenaShowcase.org or by calling (714) 442-3872. The 2015 Showcase will be open to the public April 19 through May 17, 2015, except Mondays.One of the oldest, largest and most successful house and garden tours in the country, the Pasadena Showcase House of Design features the latest products and design concepts in interior design and landscape architecture. This year we will be revisiting a distinguished estate designed by Fernand Parmentier in 1910 that is an eclectic English Tudor combined with Craftsman elements. The artistic innovations and philosophy of the burgeoning Arts and Crafts movement are evident in this striking structure. It features many historical and unique architectural elements including Honduras mahogany beams and moldings, cast plaster ceilings, and distinctive Greuby tile. The main residence is over 9,400 square feet and is complemented by a 2,600 Carriage House with an upstairs apartment. The property includes many mature trees, a pool, a Koi pond, an outdoor kitchen, and a wisteria arbor.An onsite restaurant offers lunch, dinner and snacks. The Shops at Showcase include approximately 20 merchants who have been carefully selected to provide visitors with an array of unique items at a variety of prices. Complimentary parking and shuttle service is located at the Rose Bowl â€“ Lot I at 360 North Arroyo Boulevard in Pasadena.The success of the Pasadena Showcase House of Design has enabled PSHA to make cumulative donations of nearly $20 million to support outstanding music and arts programs throughout the community. Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. More Cool Stuff Subscribe First Heatwave Expected Next Week Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Herbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Beauty Secrets Only Indian Women KnowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHere Is What Scientists Say Will Happen When You Eat AvocadosHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Heartwarming Moments Between Father And DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeauty Design Tickets for the 2015 Pasadena Showcase House of Design Go On Sale On Wednesday, February 4th From STAFF REPORTS Published on Tuesday, February 3, 2015 | 12:33 pm 10 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Top of the News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Community News Community News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Make a comment
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * More Cool Stuff Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Top of the News Community News Science and Technology New Polymer Creates Safer Fuels By JESSICA STOLLER-CONRAD Published on Monday, October 5, 2015 | 12:07 pm Subscribe 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Make a comment EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS First Heatwave Expected Next Week Business News The progress of the flame after ignition in a post-impact mist of Jet-A fuel treated with prior ultra-long polymers (upper) and the Caltech polymer (lower) after the samples have passed through a fuel pump 50 times. The efficacy of prior polymers is lost, and a large, hot fireball ensues. The Caltech polymer retains its ability to mitigate post-impact fire. The color scale shows the progression of the flame with time. Credit: Caltech/JPLBefore embarking on a transcontinental journey, jet airplanes fill up with tens of thousands of gallons of fuel. In the event of a crash, such large quantities of fuel increase the severity of an explosion upon impact. Researchers at Caltech and JPL have discovered a polymeric fuel additive that can reduce the intensity of postimpact explosions that occur during accidents and terrorist acts. Furthermore, preliminary results show that the additive can provide this benefit without adversely affecting fuel performance.The work is published in the October 2 issue of the journal Science.Jet engines compress air and combine it with a fine spray of jet fuel. Ignition of the mixture of air and jet fuel by an electric spark triggers a controlled explosion that thrusts the plane forward. Jet airplanes are powered by thousands of these tiny explosions. However, the process that distributes the spray of fuel for ignition—known as misting—also causes fuel to rapidly disperse and easily catch fire in the event of an impact.The additive, created in the laboratory of Julia Kornfield (BS ’83), professor of chemical engineering, is a type of polymer—a long molecule made up of many repeating subunits—capped at each end by units that act like Velcro. The individual polymers spontaneously link into ultralong chains called “megasupramolecules.”Megasupramolecules, Kornfield says, have an unprecedented combination of properties that allows them to control fuel misting, improve the flow of fuel through pipelines, and reduce soot formation. Megasupramolecules inhibit misting under crash conditions and permit misting during fuel injection in the engine.Other polymers have shown these benefits, but have deficiencies that limit their usefulness. For example, ultralong polymers tend to break irreversibly when passing through pumps, pipelines, and filters. As a result, they lose their useful properties. This is not an issue with megasupramolecules, however. Although supramolecules also detach into smaller parts as they pass through a pump, the process is reversible. The Velcro-like units at the ends of the individual chains simply reconnect when they meet, effectively “healing” the megasupramolecules.When added to fuel, megasupramolecules dramatically affect the flow behavior even when the polymer concentration is too low to influence other properties of the liquid. For example, the additive does not change the energy content, surface tension, or density of the fuel. In addition, the power and efficiency of engines that use fuel with the additive is unchanged—at least in the diesel engines that have been tested so far.When an impact occurs, the supramolecules spring into action. The supramolecules spend most of their time coiled up in a compact conformation. When there is a sudden elongation of the fluid, however, the polymer molecules stretch out and resist further elongation. This stretching allows them to inhibit the breakup of droplets under impact conditions—thus reducing the size of explosions—as well as to reduce turbulence in pipelines.“The idea of megasupramolecules grew out of ultralong polymers,” says research scientist and co–first author Ming-Hsin “Jeremy” Wei (PhD ’14). “In the late 1970s and early 1980s, polymer scientists were very enthusiastic about adding ultralong polymers to fuel in order to make postimpact explosions of aircrafts less intense.” The concept was tested in a full-scale crash test of an airplane in 1984. The plane was briefly engulfed in a fireball, generating negative headlines and causing ultralong polymers to quickly fall out of favor, Wei says.In 2002, Virendra Sarohia (PhD ’75) at JPL sought to revive research on mist control in hopes of preventing another attack like that of 9-11. “He reached out to me and convinced me to design a new polymer for mist control of jet fuel,” says Kornfield, the corresponding author on the new paper. The first breakthrough came in 2006 with the theoretical prediction of megasupramolecules by Ameri David (PhD ’08), then a graduate student in her lab. David designed individual chains that are small enough to eliminate prior problems and that dynamically associate together into megasupramolecules, even at low concentrations. He suggested that these assemblies might provide the benefits of ultralong polymers, with the new feature that they could pass through pumps and filters unharmed.When Wei joined the project in 2007, he set out to create these theoretical molecules. Producing polymers of the desired length with sufficiently strong “molecular Velcro” on both ends proved to be a challenge. With the help of a catalyst developed by Robert Grubbs, the Victor and Elizabeth Atkins Professor of Chemistry and winner of the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Wei developed a method to precisely control the structure of the molecular Velcro and put it in the right place on the polymer chains.Integration of science and engineering was the key to success. Simon Jones, an industrial chemist now at JPL, helped Wei develop practical methods to produce longer and longer chains with the Velcro-like end groups. Co–first author and Caltech graduate student Boyu Li helped Wei explore the physics behind the exciting behavior of these new polymers. Joel Schmitigal, a scientist at the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) in Warren, Michigan, performed essential tests that put the polymer on the path toward approval as a new fuel additive.“Looking to the future, if you want to use this additive in thousands of gallons of jet fuel, diesel, or oil, you need a process to mass-produce it,” Wei says. “That is why my goal is to develop a reactor that will continuously produce the polymer—and I plan to achieve it less than a year from now.”“Above all,” Kornfield says, “we hope these new polymers will save lives and minimize burns that result from postimpact fuel fires.”The findings are published in a paper titled “Megasupramolecules for safer, cleaner fuel by end association of long telechelic polymers.” The work was funded by TARDEC, the Federal Aviation Administration, the Schlumberger Foundation, and the Gates Grubstake Fund. 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News UpdatesDelhi HC Frames Formats Of Assets And Income For Disclosure Of Judgment Debtor’s Financial Capacity, Asks Centre To Consider Incorporating In Statute [Read Judgment] Monisha Purwar6 Aug 2020 7:04 AMShare This – x”This Court is of the view that the mandatory filing of the affidavit of assets, income, expenditure and liabilities by judgment-debtor in a detailed prescribed form at the very threshold of execution litigation should be incorporated in the statutes, as in the developed countries”The Delhi High Court has laid down guidelines for expeditious hearing and disposal of execution cases stating that the delays and difficulties in execution of decree/awards erode public confidence and trust in the justice delivery system and also frustrate the decree holder(s) who are unable to reap the benefits of the decree/award awarded in their favor after a successful…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Delhi High Court has laid down guidelines for expeditious hearing and disposal of execution cases stating that the delays and difficulties in execution of decree/awards erode public confidence and trust in the justice delivery system and also frustrate the decree holder(s) who are unable to reap the benefits of the decree/award awarded in their favor after a successful litigation. The Court also formulated detailed formats of affidavit of assets, income, expenditure and liabilities to be filed by the judgment-debtor in execution cases on direction of the Executing Court. Moreover, the Court suggested the Central Government to mandate the filing of such affidavit(s) by the judgment debtor at the very threshold of the execution litigation, as is the practice in developed countries. Comprehensive affidavits of disclosure Justice JR Midha stated that a major flaw that leads to delay in execution proceedings is that the Form 16A of Appendix E under Order XXI Rule 41(2) of the Code of Civil Procedure under which a judgment debtor is required to disclose his assets in an execution proceeding is not exhaustive to ascertain all the assets and income of the judgment-debtor. The Court stated that “as a result, the execution proceedings keep on lingering at the mercy of the judgment-debtor.” The Court after considering the best international practices of mandatory filing and upon receiving suggestions from Courts and the Bar members on its guidelines dated 5th December, 2019 concluded that there is an urgent need to formulate a detailed format of affidavit of assets and income to be filed by the judgment debtor at the very threshold of the execution proceedings to curb the delay and expedite the disposal of execution proceedings. Exercising power under Sections 30 and 151 and Order XXI Rule 41 of the Code of Civil Procedure read with Sections 106 and 165 of the Indian Evidence Act and Article 227 of the Constitution of India, the Court has formulated comprehensive formats of disclosure affidavits that give a complete overview of the entire assets, income, expenditure and liabilities as well as standard of living of the judgment-debtor. However, such affidavits are only to be treated as guidelines to determine the true financial capacity/status of the judgment-debtor and an Executing Court may direct a judgment debtor to make more disclosures if it deems them necessary in order to determine the financial capacity/status of the judgment debtor. Restitution for delay The Court acknowledged that the practice of obstructing and delaying execution cases by judgment debtors exists due to the reluctance of Courts to order restitution and serves to the benefit of judgment debtors as they stall execution to either tire-out the decree holders to give up their claims or to coerce them to settle for less. To remedy this, the Court stated in its guidelines “The Executing Court shall pass appropriate order of restitution to reimburse the loss suffered by the decree-holder on account of delay and obstruction in the execution proceedings caused by the judgment-debtor. The Executing Court shall endeavour to place the decree-holder in the same position as he would have had been if the decree had been satisfied soon upon it being passed.” Imposition of costs and punishments in false claims In order to control the prevalence of false claims that overburden the Courts, the High Court passed strict guidelines to executing courts to impose costs and initiate prosecutions in all such false cases. The Court stated “The costs imposed by the Courts must be the real costs equal to the deprivation suffered by the rightful person and also considering how long they have compelled the other side to contest and defend the litigation in various courts. In appropriate cases, the Courts may consider ordering prosecution otherwise it may not be possible to maintain purity and sanctity of judicial proceedings.” The Court directed that when Section 340 Cr.P.C. is invoked by a decree holder against a judgment debtor for making a false case before the Court, the Executing Court must not hesitate to prosecute the judgment debtor under it if a prima facie offence under Section 209 IPC for false claim is made out against him. Other guidelines for expeditious hearing and disposal of execution cases The High Court directed all executing courts to make an endeavor to decide execution cases within one year of their institution. With respect of the scope of its guidelines, the court stated that “These modified directions/guidelines shall apply to all execution proceedings, such as the execution proceedings under Section 36 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act; execution proceedings before Motor Accident Claims Tribunals; execution proceedings before the SDM empowered to execute decree/award as arrears of land revenue; execution proceedings before Debt Recovery Tribunals and execution proceedings under Consumer Protection Act.” In order to ensure an expeditious hearing, the High Court laid down guidelines for executing courts to utilize their powers under different provisions to direct judgment debtors to make mandatory disclosure in the prescribed affidavits at an initial stage of the execution case and within 30 daysrestrain them from parting with the possession of any assets to the tune of the decretal/award (exceptions)ensure the presence of judgment debtors in proceedings by issuing bailable and unbailable warrants as per law if they don’t respond to the notices servedconsider detention of the judgment-debtor in civil prison if it fails to file affidavits of disclosure within stipulated timelift corporate veil in necessary cases by directing the directors/promoters of judgment debtor to disclose their personal assets and income in the specified affidavitorder judgment debtor to remove defects/deficiencies in its disclosure within a reasonable time if prescribed format is not followedorder investigation into disclosures by a Government Agency including a forensic audit in appropriate casesorder interrogatories, discovery, inspection, production of any document and/or order any fact to be proved by affidavit under Section 30 of Code of Civil Procedure in appropriate casesorally examine judgment debtor under Section 165 of the Indian Evidence Act if it thinks it’s necessary to elicit truthattach properties of judgment debtor in execution (except properties exempted by law)pass an order for detention of judgment debtor upon being satisfied that the judgment-debtor has means to pay the decretal amount or substantial part thereof and has refused or neglected to pay the same The Court has invited further suggestions on its guidelines by counsel/litigant(s) and has listed the matter for 6th November, 2020 for consideration of further suggestions. It also directed all subordinate courts to send it a list of all pending execution cases which are more than one year old, through their District Judges by 31st December, 2020.Click here to download the Judgment Next Story
Courtesy Lindsey Smith (NEW YORK) — As the suspect charged with abducting 13-year-old Jayme Closs and killing her parents prepared to make his first court appearance on Monday, church-goers in the Wisconsin girl’s hometown offered prayers of thanks on Sunday that she was found alive, and former friends of the alleged perpetrator struggled to understand his motive.Jake Thomas Patterson, 21, of Gordon, Wisconsin, is expected to be arraigned Monday in Barron County Circuit Court on one count of kidnapping and two counts of murder.“This is a very tragic situation. There is a substantial amount of information, interest, and emotion involved in this case,” Patterson’s lawyers Charles Glynn and Richard Jones said in a joint statement. “Mr. Patterson’s legal team will be relying on the integrity of our judicial system to ensure that everyone’s rights are protected and respected.”On Sunday, parishioners at St. Peter’s Catholic Church in Cameron, Wisconsin — where the funeral of Jayme’s slain parents, Denise and James Closs, was held on Oct. 27 — said a special prayer of thanks that the eighth-grader is safe.“God was listening to everybody’s begging. Multiple times we just said ‘please,’” Patty Gerber, St. Peter’s parish director, told ABC affiliate KTSP-TV in Saint Paul, Minnesota. “I believe in miracles, too. Whether you call this a miracle or not, I think the prayers of her family especially were answered.”Residents of Jayme’s hometown of Barron continue to display blue ribbons, Jayme’s favorite color, on homes and business, while signs were erected throughout the rural community reading, “Welcome Home Jayme.”“Bringing Jayme home was the greatest feeling I’ve ever had,” Barron County Sheriff Chris Fitzgerald told ABC News.Fitzgerald’s department spearheaded the 88-day search for Jayme that started on Oct. 15 when a 911 hangup call was placed from the Closs home and a dispatcher reported hearing people yelling in the background. When sheriff’s deputies went to the home, they found Denise Closs, 46, and her husband, James, 56, shot to death. Jayme was nowhere to be found and investigators immediately feared her parent’s killer abducted her.Authorities said Jayme escaped Thursday from a cabin in Gordon, Wisconsin, about 70 miles north of Barron, where she was held in captivity.Shortly after Jayme escaped, police stopped and arrested Patterson, who they suspect targeted the girl and plotted her kidnapping. But why Patterson allegedly singled out Jayme to abduct remains a mystery to investigators, Fitzergald said.“I just know that Jayme was the target of Mr. Patterson,” Fitzgerald said. “He didn’t know the Closses, he had no contact with the Closses that we’ve been able to uncover at this time.”Former FBI agent Brad Garrett, an ABC News contributor, said Sunday on ABC’s “Good Morning America” that he doubts Jayme was randomly targeted.“He had some connection to her, probably not directly,” hypothesized Garrett, who worked as an FBI profiler. “He did not know her, but he has seen her someplace.”He said Patterson seems to fit the profile of someone who was “driven by fantasy and obsession.”“I guarantee you he planned this,” Garrett said.Dylan Fisher, who grew up with Patterson but hasn’t had any contact with him since they graduated from high school, told ABC News that he was struggling to understand how his childhood friend could allegedly commit such a heinous crime.“You know, you talk to this person every day, you don’t know that three years from now you’re going to hear about this,” Fisher said. “So yeah, I’m asking myself a lot of questions and none of them make sense.”Fisher’s mother, Victoria Fisher, added: “Knowing that things like that were in his mind, that’s what scares me. It could have been my daughter.”Meanwhile, Jayme is with her family, who have been showering her with love.Her aunt, Jennifer Smith, told ABC News that she and her family are thankful that so many people in her community did not give up hope on finding Jayme alive.“I’ll never forget that,” Smith said. “I thank them from the bottom of my heart.”Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.